登录| 注册    
收藏  点赞 

南方果树病虫害原色图鉴

主编: 彭成绩 蔡明段 彭埃天

出版社:中国农业出版社

ISBN:978-7-109-21663-1

出版时间:2016-10

关键词:果树 病虫害防治 图谱

阅读
  • 改革开放以来,我国果树生产发展很快。据农业部统计,2014年全国种植各种水果总面积为1312.724万hm2,总产量16588.17万t,产量和面积均居世界首位。我国南方光热资源丰富,果树种类多,柑橘、香蕉、荔枝、龙眼等常绿果...

  • 前言

    我国南方地处亚热带、热带以及小部分为温带,常年气候温和,雨水充沛,果树品种资源非常丰富,很适合热带亚热带果树的生产发展。据《中国农业年鉴(2014)》资料,2013年南方果树主栽品种柑橘栽培面积242.22万hm2、产量...

  • 第一篇 南方果树病害

  • 第一章 主要栽培果树病害

  • 第二章 一般栽培果树病害

  • 第二篇 南方果树虫害

  • 第一章 主要栽培果树虫害

  • 第二章 一般栽培果树虫害

  • 附录一 害虫天敌

  • 一、瓢虫

    瓢虫属鞘翅目瓢虫科。虫体呈半球形拱起,表面光滑,常具红、黑、黄、白色斑点,是鲜艳的小型昆虫。全世界有超过5000种以上的瓢虫。据庞虹等(2004)统计,我国有725种瓢虫,其中植食性的有145种,菌食性的约有20种,其余的...

  • 二、寄生蜂

    寄生蜂属膜翅目,有黑卵蜂科、茧蜂科、小茧科、旋小蜂科、金小蜂科、跳小蜂科、姬蜂科等靠寄生生活的多种昆虫。这种蜂寄生在鳞翅目、鞘翅目、膜翅目和双翅目等昆虫的幼虫、蛹和卵里,能够消灭被寄生的昆虫。...

  • 三、草蛉

    草蛉一般全体草绿色,复眼有金属光泽。但有一些种类体色为黄褐色或带黑色、红色。触角丝状,细长。幼虫体纺锤形,体两侧有瘤突,丛生刚毛。捕食蚜凶,故有“蚜狮”之称。有的种类“蚜狮”在取食了食物后把残渣放在背上,堆...

  • 四、蝽类

    在山地果园蝽类天敌资源丰富。海南蝽捕食蝶类幼虫和蛾类幼虫。猎蝽则捕食同翅目、半翅目、鞘翅目、鳞翅目、双翅目和膜翅目等各种害虫,如蚜虫、叶蝉、卷叶蛾幼虫、凤蝶类幼虫、尺蠖类幼虫、夜蛾类幼虫等。蝽科:...

  • 五、食蚜蝇

    食蚜蝇种类繁多,较难捕捉,以下食蚜蝇均为采集幼虫室内饲养而得。寄主为蚜虫。

  • 六、其他

  • 七、捕食螨

  • 附录二 南方果树病原学名索引

  • A

    Acrosporum tingitaninum Carter 25Alternaria alternate (Fr.) Keissler 20Alternaria citri Ellis et Pierce 34Alternaria sp. 125Alternaria sp. 84Annellolacinia dinemasporioides Sutton  84Armilla...

  • B

    Banana bunchy top virus(BBTV) 79Bipolaris cactivora (Petrak) Alcorn 124Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. 33, 90, 118, 109Botryosphaeria berengerianade Not 143Botryosphaeria dothidea (Moug.)Ces....

  • C

    C. L. africanus(Laf) 2C. L. americanus(Lam) 2C. L. asiaticus(Las) 2Candidatus Liberibacter sp. 2Capnodium citri Berk. et Desm 23Capnodium mangiferae P. HennCapnodium spp. 64Cephaleuros vires...

  • D

    Deightoniella torulose(Syd.)M. B. Ellis 79Diaporthe medusaea Nitschke 12Diplodia natalensis Evans 93Diplodia natalensis Pole-Evans 33, 109Diplodia sp. 16Dothiorella sp. 119Dysmicoccus brevip...

  • E

    Elisinoe mangiferae Bilcourt et Jankins 88Elsinoe fawcettii Bitanc. et Jenk 8Epicoccum nigrum 126Erwinia sp. 84...

  • F

    F. moniliforme 125F. oxysporum 125Fomes fulvus(Scop.)Gill. 133Fusarium dimerum Penzig   77Fusarium lateritium Nees ex LK. var.longum Wollenw. 104Fusarium moniliforme var. subgiutinans Wollen...

  • G

    Geotrichum candidum Link 35Geotrichum candidum Link. 67Gilbertella persicaria (Eddy) Hesseltine 125Gloeosporium laeticolor Berk 127Gloeosporium sp. 159Glomerella cingulata (Stonem.) Spauld. ...

  • H

    Helicobasidium sp. 28LLeptosphaeria sp. 151Litchi witches broom virus(LWBV) 69Longan witches broom virus(LWBV) 69...

  • M

    M.mingnanica Zhang 43M. ali Itoh. Ohshima & Ichinohe 43M. arenaria Chitwood   43M. exinua ChitwoodMelicdogyne jianyangensis Yang, Hu, Chen & Zhu 43Macrophoma kawatsukai Hara 143Macrophoma mu...

  • N

    Neoscytalidium dimidiatum (Penz.) Crous & Slippers 122

  • O

    Oidium caricae-papaya Yen  114Oidium mangiferae Bertnet 90Oidium sp. 122Oidium spp. 130Oidium tingitanium Carter 25...

  • P

    Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) 116Passion fruit virus(PFV) 161Pellicularia rolfsii (Sacc) West 96Penicillium digitatum Saccardo 31Penicillium italicum Wehmer 32Peronophythora litchii Chen ex K...

  • R

    Rhizopus stolonifer(Ehrenb. ex Fr. )Vuill. 160

  • S

    Satsuma dwarf virus(SDV) 38Sclerotinia fructicola (Wint.) Rehm. 127Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc 96Scytalidium dimidiatum (Penz.) B. Sutton & Dyko 122Septogloeum sp. 126Septoria piricola Desm. 146...

  • T

    Thielaviopsis paradoxa (de Seynes) V. Hǒhnel. 98

  • U

    Uncinula necanor (Schw.) Burr 156Uredo sawadae Ito 158Usnea diffracta Vain 43

  • V

    Venturia nashicola Ttanaka et Yarnamoto 142

  • X

    Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.citri (Hasse)Dye 5Xanthomonas campestris pv. Mangiferae indicae Patel, Moinz et Kulkarni Robbs, Riberiro et Kimura 90Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni (Smith) Dye 13...

  • 附录三 南方果树害虫及天敌学名索引

  • A

    Acronicta incretata Hampson 377Adoxophyes cyrtosema Meyrick 166Adoxophyes orana Fischer Von Röslersta-mm 167Adris tyrannus Guenée 185Aegeria molybdoceps Hampson 389Aeurodicus disp.erses Russ...

  • B

    Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel 231Bactrocera(Tetradacus)minax Enderlein 232Bactrocera(Zeugodacus)cucuribitae Coquillett 344Beauveria bassiana(Bals.)Vuil  416Bemisia giffardibisp.ina Young 204B...

  • C

    Cadtanocallis castanocallis Zhang 391Calpe minuticornis Guenée 184Calvia chinensis Mulsant 405Calvia muiri Timberlake 409Cantheconidea concinna Walker 413Cappaea taprobanensis Dallas 227Care...

  • D

    Dasychira sp. 248Dasychira thwaitesi Moor 250Deporaus marginatus Pascoe 303Deudorix epijarbas Moore 257Dialeurodes citri Ashmead 202Diaphorina citri Kuwayama 204Dorysthenes granulosus Thomso...

  • E

    Eboda cellerigera Meyrick 243Empoasca flavescens Fabricius 359Encarsia sp.  410Eotetranychaus kankitus Ehara 235Epidaus famulus Stål 413Epidaus sexapinus Hsiao 413Epimactis sp. 169Epistrophe...

  • F

    Fixsenia pruni L 259Fulgora candelaria Linnaeus 275Fussarium coccophilum Desm, Wr. et Rg 416

  • G

    Geisha distinctissima Walker 312Gelechia sp.  317Gontarinia citri Barnes 228Grapholitha funebrana Treitscheke 362Grapholitha molesta Busck 372Greenidea guangzhouensis Chang 340Greenidea guan...

  • H

    Halyomorpha halys Stål 226Harmonia axyridis Pallas 403Harmonia dimidiata Fabricius 402Harmonia octomaculata Fabricius 406Harmonia sedecimnotata Fabricius 401Helicoverpa armigera HÄbnet 189He...

  • I

    Icerya aegyptiaca Douglas 339Icerya purchasi Maskell 199Icerya seychellarum Westwood 265Idioscopus incertus Baker 302Ischiodon scutellaris Fabricius 415...

  • L

    Latoia hilaratas Taudinger 369Lawana imitata Melichaar 272Lemnia biplagiata Swartz 403Lemnia bissellata Mulsant 402Lemnia circumusta Mulsant 409Lemnia duvauceli Mulsant 409Lemnia saucia Muls...

  • M

    Macracanthopsis nodipes Reuter 413Mahasena colona Sonan 318Megalocaria dilatata Fabricius 401Melanographia flexilineata Hampson 316Melanostoma mellinum Linnaeus 416Microceropsylla nigre Craw...

  • N

    N. viridula forma torquata Fab 225N. viridula forma typica Linnaeus 225N. viridula forma aurantiaca Costa 225Nadezhdiella cantori Hope 213Narosa edoensis Kawada 370Nezara viridula Linneus 22...

  • O

    Odoiporus Longicollis Olivier 288Odontotermes formosanus Shiraki 285Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius 416Oenopia chinensis Weise 404Oenopia sauzeti Mulsant 408Olethreutes leucasp.is Meyrick 24...

  • P

    Panonychus citri McGregor 234Papilio demoleus Linnaeus 175Papilio memnon Linnaeus 177Papilio paris Linnaeus 178Papilio polytes Linnaeus 173Papilio protenor Gramer 176Papilio xuthus Linnaeus ...

  • R

    Resseliella citrifrugis Jiang 230Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki 367Rhynchocoris humeralis Thunberg 224Rhynocoris fuscipes Fabricius 413Ricania marginalis Walker 311Ricania sp. 337Rican...

  • S

    Saissetia oleae Ber 265Salurnis marginellus Guerin 273Sauris interruptaria Moore 245Schizotetranychus baltazarae Rimando 236Scirtothrips citri Moulton 233Scirtothrips dorsalis Haood 284Scolo...

  • T

    Taiwania obtusata Boh 223Telenomus euproctidis Wilicox 410Tessaratoma papillosa Drury  276Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval 345Tetranychus piercei Mcgregor 297Tetranychus urticae Koch 397Te...

  • U

    Unaspis yanonensis Kuwana 194

  • V

    Vesbius sanguinosus Stål 413

  • X

    Xenocatantops brachycerus C.Willemse 297Xyleborus fornicatus Eichhoff 280

  • Z

    Zeuzera coffeae Nietner 256

  • 主要参考文献

    蔡明段,彭成绩.2008.柑橘病虫原色图谱[M]. 广州:广东科技出版社.蔡明段,易干军,彭成绩.2011.柑橘病虫害原色图鉴[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社.陈昌胜,黄峰,等.2011.红橘褐斑病病原鉴定[J]. 植物病理学报,41(5)...