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燃蕈菌火炬遍五洲:蕈菌先生张树庭:汉英对照

主编:

出版社:中国农业出版社

ISBN:978-7-109-20712-7

出版时间:2015-08

关键词:张树庭 传记 汉、英

阅读

    这部传记尝试用文字刻画一位走遍五洲讲授食用菌生物学的大师——“蕈菌先生”张树庭。

    他的耐力令人难以置信,他对食用菌的热爱令人钦佩。

    作者与张树庭教授交往长达40多年,作者将记忆拉回至主人翁早期的童年生活,追忆了他战乱时期经历的苦难及旧日关系密切的朋友和同事,追述了他烽火涂炭时期的挫折和欣喜、悲爱交织的心绪与坚强,追踪他游历五洲传播蕈菌学的足迹和传经授道乐在其中的心境,思量和品味他迎接挑战,将挑战转化成机遇,并获成功的秘籍。

    食用菌曾经只是富人的消费品,随着技术的进步,在过去几十年间,食用菌栽培已经遍布世界各地。

    食用菌宜人的风味、细腻的质地、益于健康的特点,深受当今大众的青睐。

    这本书告诉大家这位“蕈菌先生”是如何炼成的,他又是如何定义当下最受欢迎、被称为食用菌生物学这门学科的,以及为什么会有这么多的科学家变成了食用菌生物学家。

    This biography, SHU-TING CHANG, MR MUSHROOM-Travelling Five Continents Teaching Mushroom Biology, is an attempt to etch an image onto paper of a greatman whose endurance is unbelievable and whose passion for mushrooms is admirable.With the rapport built over more than forty years between Professor Chang and the author, it becomes possible to extract memories back to his early childhood, to recall difficult circumstances during turbulent times of war, to relate to dear friends and colleagues, to recollect moments of frustration and bliss, to expose emotions of grief and love, to track footprints and plights over five continents, to take challenges and turn them to opportunities, and to reveal some of the recipes for success.Mushrooms used to be consumed only by the rich.With technological advances, cultivation of edible mushrooms has spread all over the world during the past decades.Many people nowadays enjoy eating mushrooms because of their pleasant flavour, fine texture and exceptional health benefits.This book illustrates how Mr Mushroom has shaped and defined the now very popular discipline of science called Mushroom Biology, and why so many scientists have been converted to Mushroom Biologists.。

  • 看到SHU-TING CHANG, Mr Mushroom-Travelling Five Continents Teaching Mushroom Biology的封面,就想到张树庭教授,他为我国食用菌产业发展而奔波劳作的场面历历在目。第一次见到张树庭教授是在1978年6月。那...

  • 作者序

    这本传记从一个引人入胜的角度洞察关键事件和人物关系,从在中国山西农村的早期童年生活直到现在,这些经历都影响着香港中文大学生物学荣休教授张树庭的性格和人生哲学的形成。我与张树庭教授初次联系是在20多...

  • Prologue

    The 1968 Student Selection Interview for the Biology Department of Chung Chi College was conducted by Dr Shu-Ting Chang in a room sparingly furnished.I knew I was lucky to be short-listed fo...

  • 前言

    2000年8月下旬的一天,张树庭教授通过邮箱给我发来一篇英文演讲稿,希望我能译成中文在中国传播。我马上先浏览了一遍。原来这是一篇在“南非共同体2000年发展峰会”上的演讲,这个峰会有南非地区的12个国家总统和...

  • Foreword

    This biography provides a fascinating insight into key events and relationships, from early childhood in rural Shanxi Province, China, through to the less turbulent present, that have served...

  • 作者前言

    1968年,在一个布置节俭的房间里,张树庭教授领导并组织了崇基学院生物系的学生选拔面试。在1967年度的香港中学生物学会考中,我很幸运地入围了面试。我没有对结果报以过高的期望,所以当我走进房间时很放松。不过...

  • 编写说明

    在许多命名系统中,存在中国内地、香港和台湾等地中文名字拉丁化现象。一个特定的人名或地名,被不同的作者利用不同系统在不同时间和不同文章中所翻译的英文存在混淆现象。在这本书中,当引用此前发表的文章中的...

  • Author's Note

    Many systems co-exist regarding the Romanization for Chinese names of people from Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Confusion does exist when a particular name of a person or a place has...

  • Blurb

    This biography, SHUTING CHANG, Mr Mushroom-Travelling Five Continents Teaching Mushroom Biology,is an attempt to etch an image onto paper of a great man whose endurance is unbelievable and w...

  • 第1部分:奋以求生

  • 1.贫苦的童年

    一座古老的吊桥横跨于黄河的最窄处,摇摇欲坠。在奔流的黄河水之上,它一左一右,一左一右一直晃动着。桥的入口前贴着警告:——最大承重15人和3头牲口(驴或骡子)——单向过桥——过桥时相互搀扶——保持相同的步伐——刮风...

  • 2.坚忍的少年

    他的脚趾和脚后跟上磨起了很多水泡,他的口袋里空无分文,就这样,张树庭回到了西安外婆和舅妈那里。外婆很爱他,但不溺爱,而舅妈成了唯一能照顾他的人。在1942年新学期开始的时候,舅妈为她安排了学校学习。舅舅,...

  • 3.追求更好的教育

    太平轮是一艘远洋客轮,美国建造,排水量超过两千吨,于1920年开始处女航。中国于1946年以17万美元购得此客轮并于1948年7月安排其执行上海和台湾基隆市的航线。从那之后,太平轮每月两至三次载客往返于大陆和台湾...

  • 4.从玉米到蕈菌

    1960年8月,张树庭抵达香港,开始了崇基大学生物系的助教工作。他也赶上了刚刚上任的容启东校长的就职典礼。生物系教师队伍只有4个成员,其中包括张教授、何妙妙(何添的女儿),何添为崇基大学也就是后来的香港中文...

  • 5.得与失

    此时张教授的草菇研究进展愈发快速,他的家庭也更加稳定,夫人和崇基大学委员会成员关系更加融洽,她们的第二个孩子出生了,是个可爱的小女孩。接送儿子去幼儿园并照顾刚出生的婴儿让桂兰十分忙碌,但她感到十分...

  • 第2部分:有志者,事竟成

  • 6.与澳大利亚的渊源

    1971年,张教授由香港辅政司司长任命为香港代表团首席参加在澳大利亚堪培拉举办的第12届太平洋科学大会。由于当时没有从香港直达堪培拉的航班,所以张教授和夫人到达悉尼机场,由Marsh Lawson先生接待。在去堪培...

  • 7.培训

    1977年,张教授受联合国教育、科学及文化组织(以下简称联合国教科文组织,UNESCO)之邀于香港举办东南亚区域“食用菌栽培”的培训。本次培训由联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)、联合国发展计划署(UNDP)、国际细胞研究组织...

  • 8.爱好与朋友

    1985年,新加坡《海峡时报》的一名记者来到香港中文大学采访张教授。在这名记者走进张教授办公室的瞬间就觉得置身新奇的小摆设间了:墙上悬挂着蘑菇的照片;桌上有一枚雕成蘑菇形状的白玉石镇纸;在旁边的桌上立着...

  • 9.新的篇章

    香港生物技术研究所(HKIB)由香港赛马俱乐部资助,成立于1988年,由香港中文大学理事会管理。HKIB致力于促进香港和亚洲其他地区的生物技术行业的发展。提高应用学术研究的水平以及为技术转化及产品商业化提供纽...

  • 10.会议时代

    世界食用菌栽培生产从1986年到1990年增长迅速,主要是由于食用菌生物学的基础知识和实用技术的进步。张教授估计,全世界食用菌总产值在1989—1990年度接近75亿美元,并预计这种趋势在全球范围内将延续下去。可以...

  • 11.香菇

    Lentinus edodes或Lentinula edodes,在中国俗称香菇(Shiang-gu=Xianggu),在日本称为椎茸(Shiitake),从总产量上看,它是世界上第二重要的食用菌种类,仅次于双孢蘑菇(Agaricus bisporus)。在线词源字典关于术语...

  • 12.即将退休

    张教授参加庆元“第一届香菇生产和产品国际研讨会”后回到香港中文大学。一周后,即1994年11月7~13日,他再次参加由华中农业大学举办的“食用菌栽培生物学及生产应用技术区域培训讲习班”,华中农业大学位于武汉市...

  • 第3部分:为超越而努力

  • 13.天空中无数的星星

    “我从来没有见过天上有这么多的星星!”67岁的退休教授说出了自己的想法。闭上了眼睛,他俯身靠在了轿车的前排座上,这辆车的四个门上现在已经满是深深的划痕。他到现在都可以看到非洲小男孩的身影,这两个小男孩...

  • 14.非绿色革命

    发生在1760—1850年的英国工业革命从根本上改变了农业、纺织业、金属制造业、交通运输业、经济政策和社会结构。在农业技术和实践上的进步使食物和原材料的供应量增加,工业产业组织和新技术的诞生使产量、效率和利...

  • 15.亚马孙的超越

    巴西是南美洲面积最大、人口最多的国家。它几乎占据了一半的大陆,它的人口总数是其他南美国家人口数的总和。它的官方语言为葡萄牙语。拥有世界上最大的热带雨林——亚马孙雨林(也被称为亚马孙),绵延横跨了整个北...

  • 16.药用菌运动

    长期以来,在中国、韩国和日本,食用菌的药用性能得到了认可。在中国,《神农本草经》(Shennong's Materia Medica),被认为是研究中国中草药最古老的书。根据维基百科、在线百科全书,研究人员推测这是写在公元前300年...

  • 17.蕈菌火炬

    奥运圣火、奥运火炬以及火炬传递是自古希腊以来奥运会不可或缺的组成部分。每届奥运会圣火的点燃仪式都是经过精心策划筹备的,奥运火炬是在奥林匹克的历史起源地赫拉神庙的废墟之中,通过凹透镜汇聚太阳光线点...

  • 18.庆祝与荣誉

    2005年,庆祝张教授75岁华诞时,在家中拍摄了一组照片,上面有22张笑脸。张教授抱着他最小的孙子,夫人抱着另一个较小的。他们一共有五个孩子,除了最小的女儿珍妮弗·明静之外,其他孩子都已经结婚。大儿子大卫·明泉...

  • 19.蕈菌家园

    在澳大利亚(A.C.T.2617)麦凯勒(Mckellar)布里顿街3号,大街上高出来的地方有片开阔的地段,就在这个地段上坐落着一排用红褐色的砖建造,用白砂浆钩缝的错落有致的房子。双车道用砖铺砌而成,由低向高,越来越宽,...

  • 20.挑战与机遇

    “一个美丽的假说就这样被丑陋的事实和残酷的结果毁掉了!”张教授略带失望地讲到。“最初的假说是什么,能否被后续的深入研究所证实?”他曾经的学生问到。“大量的科研经费已经耗尽,我们的研究生也投入了大量的时间...

  • PART Ⅰ:STRUGGLE TO SURVIVE

  • 1.A Humble Childhood

    An old suspension bridge spanned the narrow part of the Yellow River. It was swaying from time to time high above the massive turbid water.A warning sign was posted at each entry to the brid...

  • 2.An Enduring Youth

    With plenty of blisters on his toes and heels but no money in his pocket, Shu-Ting arrived at Xi’an to rejoin his grandma and Auntie Guo(grandma's daughter-in-law).Grandma loved him but did ...

  • 3.Pursuing Better Education

    The Pacific(Taiping 太平轮)was an ocean liner, with a displacement tonnage well over two thousand, built in USA and had its maiden voyage in 1920. China bought the ship for onehundred-and-se...

  • 4.From Maize to Mushroom

    Dr Shu-Ting Chang arrived at Hong Kong in August 1960 and started as an assistant lecturer in the Biology Department of Chung Chi College. He was just in time to attend the inauguration of t...

  • 5.Loss and Gain

    While Dr Chang's research in straw mushroom was growing strongly, his family also grew steadily. Mrs Chang settled well with members in the Chung Chi community and gave birth to their second...

  • PART Ⅱ:STRUGGLE TO SUCCEED

  • 6.The Australian Connections

    In 1971,Dr Chang was appointed by the Colonial Secretary as Head of the Hong Kong delegation to attend the 12th Pacific Science Congress held in Canberra, Australia. There were no internatio...

  • 7.Train the Trainers

    In 1977,Prof. Chang was invited by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO)to conduct a South-East Asian Regional Training Course in Hong Kong on "The Cul...

  • 8.Hobbies and Friends

    The Straits Times,a Singapore newspaper, sent a journalist to the Science Centre at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1985 to interview Prof. Chang. She instantly found that she was sur...

  • 9.A New Dimension

    The Hong Kong Institute of Biotechnology(HKIB)was founded in 1988 with an initial endowment from the Hong KongJockey Club Charities Trust. It was controlled by the Council of the Chinese Uni...

  • 10.Conference of the Era

    World production of cultivated edible mushrooms increased rapidly from 1986 to 1990 due to advances both in basic knowledge and practical technology of mushroom biology. Prof. Chang estimate...

  • 11.The Fragrant Mushroom

    Lentinus edodes or Lentinula edodes,with its common name known as Shiang-gu(=Xianggu,香菇)in China and Shiitake(椎茸)in Japan, is the second most important edible mushroom in the world from ...

  • 12.Approaching Retirement

    Just a week after Prof. Chang returned to CUHK from the very successful“The First International Symposium on Production and Products of Lentinus Mushroom”in Qingyuan, he was heading to China...

  • PART Ⅲ:STRUGGLE TO SURPASS

  • 13.So Many Stars in the Sky

    “I’ve never seen so many stars in the sky!”The 67-year-old professor emeritus uttered his thought and closed his eyes. He then leaned his back against one of the front seats of the sedan now...

  • 14.A Non-Green Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in Engl...

  • 15.Amazonia and Beyond

    Brazil is the largest country in South America in both area and population. It occupies almost half the continent and it has more people than all other South American nations combined. The o...

  • 16.Medicinal Mushroom Movement

    The medicinal properties of mushrooms have long been recognised in China, Korea and Japan. In China,Shen-nong Bencao Jing(《神农本草经》,Shennong's Materia Medica)is considered as the oldest b...

  • 17.The Mushroom Torch

    The Olympic Flame, the Olympic Torch and the relay have been important elements of the Olympic Games since its inception in Ancient Greece.A very precise ritual for the lighting of the Flame...

  • 18.Celebrations and Recognitions

    A family photograph taken in 2005 at the 75th Birthday of Prof. Chang in his home captured 22 smiling faces. The youngest grandson was sitting on Prof. Chang's lap and the second youngest on...

  • 19.The Mushroom Homestead

    Situated on a large block of land, on the elevated side of the street at 3 Britton Place, Mckellar, A.C.T.2617,Australia, is a split-level house built with brown brick and off-white mortar. ...

  • 20.Challenges and Opportunities

    “A beautiful hypothesis is ruined by ugly facts and cruel results!”Prof. Chang remarked with a moment of despair.“What was the initial hypothesis? Can the hypothesis be refined for further i...

  • Epilogue

    A biography? Haven’t decided yet!This is an“authorised”biography of Professor Shu-Ting Chang who generously granted many hours of direct interview to make this task achievable. The first pre...

  • Acknowledgements

    This would appear as a raw story if without the thoughtful polishing of the manuscript and the meticulous proofreading of the final draft from Mr Raymond Wing-Kwong Lo(鲁荣光),a graduate of ...